Posted by James
An Overview of Brazilian Portuguese Grammar with Essential Rules
Brazilian Portuguese grammar cannot be represented in a small write up like this. For this reason, we give only an overview of grammar with some essential rules. To learn the language you will need to take up a Portuguese language course in Kolkata from a training institute. The language is not much difficult and with practice, you will be able to master it. Let us now focus on the elements of grammar.
- Personal Pronouns
One of the main differences between Brazilian and European Portuguese is the usage of personal pronouns. Generally speaking, the Portuguese “you” changes according to the spoken dialect.
In Brazilian Portuguese, you can use você (third-person singular) to say “you,” whereas in Portugal you use tú (second person singular) is the preferred form. However, it needs to be mentioned that in some parts of Brazil tú is used instead of você. But that is how Brazilians often conjugate it when using ‘voce’ in the third person.
In this regard, we also want to mention that você in Brazilian Portuguese language is informal whereas European speakers consider it as the formal “you.” To address someone who’s in a prestigious or perhaps is older, the formal ‘you’ i.e. ‘voce’ is used.
The word ‘us’ in English is ‘gente’ in Portugal as this is conjugated in the third person.
- Brazilian Portuguese Articles
To learn Portuguese effectively, you will need to focus on articles. The articles in Portuguese has to agree with the gender of the nouns they precede. While using definite articles, the masculine words are preceded by the letter ‘o’ and the feminine is preceded by ‘a’. For example: ‘The man’ is ‘O homem’ and ‘The woman’ is ‘A mulher’. The plural of these are ‘Os homens’ i.e. ‘The men’ and ‘As mulheres’ i.e. ‘The women’ respectively.
- Genders in the Language
Let us now focus on the genders. The masculine nouns end in ‘o’ and the feminine ends in ‘a’ for example ‘cadeira’ which means the chair in feminine and ‘carro’ which means the ‘car’ in masculine. However, there are a couple of exceptions to this rule. Some words such as ‘programa’, ‘sistema’ etc. end in ‘a’ but are masculine. To learn Portuguese to the fullest, knowing these are important which you can do so by getting yourself registered to a course.
- The ‘Be’ Forms
There are two forms of ‘be’ verbs in Portuguese and those are irregular. For instance ‘estou’, ‘esta’ and ‘estamos’. These are used in this manner, ‘Eu estou em India’ which means ‘I am in India’. On the other hand, ‘Nos estamos no barco’ which means ‘We are on the boat’.
- Using Gerund
The gerund is used differently in Brazilian and European Portuguese. Brazilian Portuguese speakers use the gerund to describe an action that is taking place. For example, ‘Estou falando’ means I am speaking in Brazilian Portuguese whereas ‘Estou a falar’ means the same in European Portuguese.
Using a gerund in Portuguese is quite simple as the rules are consistent with verb endings whenever you are using regular or irregular verbs. To know more about these it is necessary to take up a Portuguese language course in Kolkata.
To use the gerund just need to remember some simple rules. For example, for verbs ending with ‘ar’ the gerund should be ‘ando. For example ‘Ela este falando’, which means she is speaking. As said earlier, taking up the course will help you to learn more about the topic in details.
- Demonstrative Pronouns
Demonstrative pronouns must agree with the gender of any word. Some of the demonstrative pronouns in the Portuguese language are ‘Este’ (masculine) and ‘Esta’ (feminine) which means ‘this’. In the same way, ‘Esse’ and ‘Essa’ means ‘that’ in masculine and feminine and the words ‘Esse’ and ‘Essas’ means ‘those’.
When you begin to learn Portuguese, you will be able to experience many other unique characteristics. For this, start learning the language today as you can get many career opportunities in Brazil and other parts of the world.